September 20, 1819
The first Alabama general election began. As specified by the state’s Constitution of 1819 adopted one month earlier, the general election lasted two days and resulted in the election of William Wyatt Bibb as the first governor. Already the governor of the Alabama Territory, Bibb narrowly defeated Marmaduke Williams of Tuscaloosa by a vote of 8,342 to 7,140. The election also resulted in the selection of the first state legislators, including 45 representatives and 22 senators, and first court clerks, sheriffs, and U.S. congressmen. Alabama, however, did not officially become a state until December 14, 1819, when Pres. James Monroe signed a law admitting it into the Union.