November 24, 1874
George Smith Houston became governor, marking the end of Reconstruction in Alabama. A north Alabama landowner, Houston served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1841-1861 before resigning his position at the beginning of the Civil War. In 1874, white Alabamians united behind Houston, who took no part in the Civil War and was accepted by both Unionists and southern Alabamians, to “redeem” the state by regaining control from the racially integrated Republican Party. Houston’s two terms in office set a model for Bourbon Democrats in Alabama that included conservatism, frugality, limited government, and white supremacy.