200 Alabama Bicentennial

Celebrating Alabama’s 200th birthday2017 2018 2019

Resources

  • "Books Wanted for Our Men in Camp and 'Over There.'"

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Nurses preparing food in a kitchen at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • American Red Cross application materials for Claire O'Leary of Birmingham, Alabama.

    Materials include a reference report, a loyalty report, and a service application form.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Florence G. Birch in her nurse's uniform at Camp Sheridan in Montgomery, Alabama.

    The hospital barracks are visible on the right.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Red Cross identity card issued to Florence Goldia Birch, a nurse stationed at Camp Sheridan, Alabama.

    Birch served as a nurse at the Camp Sheridan Base Hospital after completing her training at the Good Samaritan Hospital Training School in Lexington, Kentucky.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • The Camp Sheridan, number 5.

    "A Pictorial Review devoted to the life of the Soldier at Camp Sheridan, Montgomery, Alabama."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Students Army Training Corps carpentry class at Tuskegee Institute.

    Taken by the Photographic Division of Tuskegee Institute, instructed by C.M. Battey. The U.S. government designated Tuskegee as one of fourteen schools that provided vocational training for African American men during World War I. The Student Army Training Corps was intended to "train soldiers for service as trade specialists in the Army."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Students Army Training Corps mechanics class at Tuskegee Institute.

    Taken by the Photographic Division of Tuskegee Institute, instructed by C.M. Battey. The U.S. government designated Tuskegee as one of fourteen schools that provided vocational training for African American men during World War I. The Student Army Training Corps was intended to "train soldiers for service as trade specialists in the Army."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • "Alabama Troops Threaten War on Negro Soldiers."

    This article describes conflict between Alabama soldiers of the 167th Rainbow Division, who were white, and African American soldiers of the 15th New York (later the 369th Infantry Regiment, famously nicknamed the "Harlem Hellfighters") while training at Camp Mills in Hempstead, New York. The incident exemplifies the rampant racism African American troops experienced in the military during World War I. The article also makes note of Alabamian James Reese Europe's famous band.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Letter from Gary Roberts at Camp Mills in New York, to his grandmother and others in Alabama.

    TRANSCRIPT INCLUDED. During World War I, Roberts served in Company B of the 167th U.S. Infantry Regiment. In the letter he discusses food and weather, emphasizing the differences between home and New York. He wrote the letter, which is on Y.M.C.A. stationery, while being treated for malaria at the camp hospital.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • "Camp Dodge Christmas."

    This editorial describes the Christmas celebrations of Captain Charles G. Kelley's company of Alabama soldiers at Camp Dodge. On behalf of the Tuskegee Women's Club, Mrs. Booker T. Washington sent Kelley "a box of good things so that you and your men would know that we are thinking of you." The author also notes that "each colored company had a big turkey dinner and everything that goes with it."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • "Report on AWOL's."

    Report of nine Alabama soldiers absent without leave from Camp Wheeler, near Macon, Georgia. In addition to deserters, the report includes Pvt. LeRoy A. Andrews of McIntosh, Alabama, who "shot himself through the hand and is now sick in the Marine Hospital, Mobile, Ala."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Bridge building by engineers, Camp McClellan, Alabama.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 12 (US Government)

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  • "Through barbed wire" at Camp McClellan, Alabama.

    This was a drill intended to prepare soldiers for trench warfare on the European front.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Letters between W.W. Ogden and Lloyd M. Hooper.

    Ogden, a merchant from Sulligent, Alabama, writes to State Council of Defense chairman Lloyd M. Hooper concerning the status of Army deserters. He proposes, "I have recently interviewed the parents of some boys who is thought to be deseters, and while I have obtained no direct imformation nor had any specific promise, but I believe that if we can get a promise or assurance from the War department that theese boys will be allowed to return and be accpted without punishment, they will voluntarily return and jion the service." Hooper responds that the State Council of Defense cannot assure that deserters will not be punished on their return to camp.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Letter from Cullman County concerning teaching illiterate soldiers.

    In the letter, the Cullman County defense committee writes of their efforts to "teach our soldier boys who have been drafted to read and write who can not already do so." In Cullman County, 13 of every 100 soldiers cannot read or write. The committee feels it is their patriotic duty to teach the soldiers, stating, "The boys must do their duty; let's volunteer to do ours."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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