200 Alabama Bicentennial

Celebrating Alabama’s 200th birthday2017 2018 2019

Resources

  • "Alabama Must Furnish 13,612 In First Draft."

    This article from the Montgomery Journal discusses the first draft of World War I, and lists the number of men who will be selected from each state.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • "Petition Against Sending Our Young Men to War in Europe."

    This petition was signed by 112 Alabama citizens and sent to John H. Bankhead in Washington, D.C. The petition advocates "absolutely neutrality" regarding the war in Europe, and it suggests that it would be unconstitutional for the federal government to call for troops or enact conscription legislation.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Geography), 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Front page of the Mobile Tribune.

    The page includes headlines and articles dealing with the upcoming declaration of war on Germany, such as "President Goes Before Congress Tonight," "Mayor Calls Mass Meeting to Back President," and "Wilson Expected to Ask That Immediate Recognition of State of War with Kaiser."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Young men leaning out of a train during World War I.

    The side of the train is decorated with phrases such as "To Hell Mit the Keiser" and "Mobile to Berlin" written on the side. The men are probably departing for boot camp during World War I.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • Letters between Juney Thompson and John H. Bankhead.

    TRANSCRIPT INCLUDED. Writing from Siluria, Alabama on May 9, 1917, in the first letter, Thompson asks if an employee on her farm may be excused from the draft. In the second letter, written May 14, Bankhead advises the young man to explain his situation to the local draft board when he is called to register. The Selective Service Act, which required men from ages twenty-one to thirty to register for military service, was passed in May 1917. At the time these letters were written, Bankhead was representing Alabama in the United States Senate.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Letters between E. L. More and John H. Bankhead.

    In the first letter, written April 19, 1917, More tells Bankhead that citizens in River Falls support President Wilson's selective service legislation, and he suggests that most voters in Alabama feel the same way. In the second letter, written April 23, 1917, Bankhead thanks More for this information. The Selective Service Act, which required men from ages twenty-one to thirty to register for military service, was passed in May 1917. At the time the letter was written, Bankhead was representing Alabama in the United States Senate. He served in the United States House of Representatives from 1887 to 1906, and in the Senate from 1907 to 1920.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Letters between Mr. and Mrs. C.J. Barnes and John H. Bankhead.

    TRANSCRIPT INCLUDED. In the first letter, written January 3, 1916, Mr. and Mrs. Barnes ask Bankhead not to support the proposed selective service legislation. In the second letter, written January 6, Bankhead assures the couple that he is "opposed to any extreme measure" and does not believe the United States will be involved in the current fighting overseas. The Selective Service Act, which required men from ages twenty-one to thirty to register for military service, was passed in May 1917. At the time these letters were written, Bankhead was representing Alabama in the United States Senate.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Letter from Clifford Durr to his father, John.

    TRANSCRIPT INCLUDED. In the letter Clifford, writing from the University of Alabama, asks his father to send money for his tuition and allowance, and he comments on the president and the possible entry of the United States into World War I.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • "True Sons of Freedom"

    This recruitment poster shows African American soldiers fighting German soldiers in World War I, with a head-and-shoulders portrait of Abraham Lincoln above. The poster reads, "TRUE SONS OF FREEDOM / COLORED MEN / The First Americans Who Planted Our Flag on the Firing Line."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • API joins the American Expeditionary Force.

    On October 1, 1918, nearly all of API's (now Auburn University) able-bodied male students eighteen or older voluntarily joined the United States Army for what turned out to be short-lived military careers on campus. The student-soldiers number 878, according to President Charles C. Thach, and formed the academic section of the Student Army Training Corps. The vocational section was composed of enlisted men sent to Auburn for training in radio, auto mechanics, and general mechanics. Both sections apparently were assembled on the drill field where Ross Square is today for the swearing-in of the student-soldiers. They heard brief patriotic talks from Thach and others. The students received honorable discharges in December following the Armistice that ended the Great War on November 11, 1918. Each received "a sixty-dollar bonus check from Uncle Sam," the Glomerata (Auburn's yearbook) reported.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 9, 11

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  • "JOIN THE ARMY AIR SERVICE / BE AN AMERICAN EAGLE!"

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Draft registration card for George Lake of Birmingham, Alabama.

    Lake registered in the final round of draft registration, intended for all men ages 18 to 45. He worked as a coal dumper at Sloss Sheffield Steel & Iron Co. in Birmingham. He was 37 when he registered for the draft.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • Draft registration card for Curtis McCall of Tyler, Alabama.

    McCall registered in the first draft registration period, which was for males from ages 21 to 31. McCall worked as a sawmill operator and was 26 years old when he registered.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Geography), 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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  • "Order of Induction into Military Service of the United States."

    This order was presented to Benjamin H. Johnston of Mobile, Alabama. The order notifies Johnston that he has "been selected for immediate military service" by the local draft board. The certificate gives the time and location he is to report for induction.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 6, 7 (Civics), 9, 11, 12 (US Government)

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