200 Alabama Bicentennial

Celebrating Alabama’s 200th birthday2017 2018 2019

Resources

  • "The First Contact."

    Mural (painted by Karen Carr) on display in "The First Alabamians" museum exhibit at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. While not a primary source, this mural is a representation of an encounter between Spanish explorers and Alabama's native peoples. The Spanish were the first explorers to reach Alabama. Hernando de Soto, the first to explore what is now Alabama's interior, marched through Alabama in 1540 searching for gold. Finding none, he killed and enslaved many people and stole supplies from local towns. He and his men also spread diseases like smallpox and chicken pox that devastated native societies.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 9, 10

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  • "Carte de la Louisiane et du Cours du Mississipi."

    Published in Amsterdam by J. Covens and Mortier. This map shows the locations of European forts, Native American towns and regions, and British colonies, and it notes the supposed route of de Soto through the Southeast in 1540.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 3, 4, 5, 7 (Geography)

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  • Excerpts from ANNALS OF LOUISIANA FROM 1698 TO 1722 by Andre Penicaut.

    Pages 294-296. In the passages Penicaut describes fighting between the French settlers and local Indian tribes (especially the Alibamons); recounts a visit with the Natchez Indians on the Mississippi River, during which he observed the tribe's customs and lifestyle. The text is excerpted from the Alabama Historical Quarterly.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 3, 4, 5, 10

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  • Plan of Mobile.

    This map is 1780 copy of a 1760 French map. Copied by Carlos Trudeau, it shows the location of Fort Conde next to the Mobile River. The copy was certified by the U.S. General Land Office in 1842.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Geography)

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  • Transcript of a letter from George Johnstone, governor of West Florida, concerning the Stamp Act.

    On pages 1, 2, and 6 of the letter, Johnstone describes the burden the Stamp Act has placed on the "infant colony" and his citizens' growing opposition to his administration.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 5, 10

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  • "For the Huntsville Republican. FRENCH COLONY."

    This newspaper article describes the Vine and Olive Colony and mentions the press' reactions to the settlement of prominent French citizens in the Alabama wilderness. The article appears in vol. 2, no. 9, page 3, column 1 of the Huntsville Republican.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 7 (Geography), 10

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  • Wallpaper depicting the Vine and Olive Colony.

    The Vine and Olive Colony was an early French settlement near present-day Demopolis, Alabama. The wallpaper is on display at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. This image is the first of two wallpaper panels.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 7 (Geography), 10

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