200 Alabama Bicentennial

Celebrating Alabama’s 200th birthday2017 2018 2019

Resources

  • Transcript of a letter from Alexander McGillivray to a British official.

    McGillivray describes a recent meeting of the Creek Indian chiefs and the efforts of the Georgia legislature to take control of Creek lands. He calls on their British allies for support against the Americans.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 3, 4, 5, 7 (Geography), 10

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  • Transcript of a letter from Alexander McGillivray to Governor Zespedes.

    McGillivray describes American attempts to take Indian lands. He attributes much of his success to the Spanish governor, who has allowed McGillivray's merchant house to trade with the Creeks; this has kept the Indians from being dependent on American goods.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 3, 4, 5, 7 (Geography), 10

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  • George Washington Peace Medal

    The first treaty signed by the new United States government after George Washington became president was the Treaty of New York (1790) with the Creek Indian Nation. The treaty called for the Creek Indian Nation to cede 3 million acres to the United States in exchange for protection of the remaining Creek land. This medal was given to one of the six principal Creek chiefs at the conclusion of the treaty. Accompanying armbands bear the stamp of Daniel Van Voorhis, a New York silversmith. The medal appears to be the only surviving one from the first set of presidential treaty medals - the beginning of a tradition that continued into the late 1800s. Both the medal and accompanying armbands were found in 1929 by amateur archaeologist H.H. Paulin "near the falls of the Tallapoosa" and later presented to the Alabama Department of Archives and History.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 3, 4, 10

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  • Map of Mobile Bay and Dauphin Island during the War of 1812.

    This map shows "Mobile Point and Part of the Bay and of Dauphine [sic] Island" and the "position of British Land and Naval Forces investing Fort Bowyer, the Batteries erected and the Trenches opened when the Summon was made to the Garrison."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 10

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  • "Rear Admiral Malcolms Tents on Dauphin Island."

    "After the unfortunate attack on New Orleans the army was landed on Dauphin Island Feby. 8th. 1815, and remained there till the 5th April, when they received information of the peace. Sir Alexr Cochrane sailing on the 18th Febry. left Adml Malcolm in command."

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Geography), 10

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  • Travel pass.

    TRANSCRIPT INCLUDED. Pass granted by Governor Archibald Roane of Tennessee, allowing James Caller and his family to travel through the state into the Mississippi Territory. James Caller was born in 1758 in Virginia. In 1801 he moved to the Mississippi Territory, first settling in Washington County and later moving to Clarke County. Caller was influential in the territory and was one of the first representatives to the legislative councils from Washington County. He also served as a senior militia officer and in 1807 became a territorial commissioner. It was as senior militia officer that Colonel Caller led the militia against a group of Creek Indians at the Battle of Burnt Corn Creek on 27 July 1813. After the battle, Caller retired from public life and died at St. Stephens, Ala., on 3 Dec. 1819.

    ALCOS Social Studies Content Standard Grade(s): 4, 5, 7 (Geography), 10

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